- Waste water treatment plants
- Industrial applications
- Surface water monitoring
- Process control
Phosphorus occurs in several forms: ortho, poly and organically bound. Further classification can be made on whether the phosphorus is dissolved (passing through a 0.45 micron filter). In TP oxidation / digestion, polyphosphates and organic phosphorus are converted into orthophosphate. Organic phosphorus is converted to orthophosphate by UV catalyzed persulfate digestion; polyphosphates are converted to orthophosphate by sulphuric acid digestion. All forms of phosphorus are converted to its ortho form in the TP procedure, in the presence of persulfate and an acid background.
The Total Phosphorus concentration can be measured using two different methods depending on the range requested.
Both methods use advanced photochemical oxidation, sulphuric acid, heat, UV irradiation and a chemical oxidizer (sodium persulfate). After the complete oxidation of the phosphorus in the sample to PO4, then a colorimetric reaction is performed and the intensity of the colour developed is proportional to the phosphate concentration present in the sample.
The determination ranges of the TP analyzer vary from trace ppb to 400 mg/L TP, using the (optional) external dilution module.
This parameter has more than one analytical method. Choose one below.
The sample is previously digested with acid and completely oxidated with UV/persulfate. Then the blue fostate method is applied. Molybdate reacts in acid medium with orthophosphate to form phosphomolybdic acid, which is then reduced to intensely colored molybdenum blue. The absorbance intensity is proportional to the phosphate concentration in the sample and is determined at 850 nm.
(Ø 26 mm)
(Ø 16 mm)
|Number of reagents||2|
|Min. analysis time||8 minutes|
The sample is previously digested with acid and completely oxidated with UV/persulfate. Then the yellow fostate method is applied. The reagent, containing sodium molybdate and ammonium meta-vanadate in an acid medium, reacts with the orthophosphate to form a yellow coloured phospho-vanado-molybdate compound. The absorbance intensity is proportional to the phosphate concentration in the sample and is determined at 430 nm.
|Sampling Mode||Batch, with freely settable frequency.|
Temperature: 5 ‐ 45°C (41 ‐ 113°F)
Flow Rate: 80 to 500 mL/min
Connection: 6 mm (¼-in.)
Connection: 12 mm (½-in.)
|Cabinet Material||Epoxy-coated stainless steel AISI 304|
|Dimensions (H x W x D)||604 x 380 x 210 mm (23.6 x 14.8 x 8.2 in)|
|Weight||20 kg (44 lbs)|
Input Voltage: 115 VAC,230 VAC,24 VDC
Power consumption: max. 80 W
2 x 4-20 mA analog outputs
Modbus via RS485,Ethernet
|Alarms||SPDT programmable voltage-free relays|
|Digital Input||None,Online,Start Extra,Skip Idle,Emergency Stop|
|Ambient Temperature||5 - 45 °C (41 - 113 °F)|
|Ambient Humidity||10 - 90 % RH|